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Clément Chabot, Campbellton
September 4, 2008

Lots of talk about wind electricity generators but little on invertors.  It is the missing link in the information for us to go from generating our own power and connecting to the grid. Most readily available invertors sold at Home Hardware (Black and Decker) or at Canadian Tire (Eliminator) are a barging pricewise but they are NON SINUSOIDAL MEANING they cannot be connected to the grid in New Brunswick. 

Wendell Krossa
July 16, 2007

To round out your comment on ecological footprint read Julian Simon’s Ultimate Resource, especially the first 12 chapters. Excellent response to Bill Rees’ theory. I sat under Rees at UBC when he was first developing this theory. This theory is (as Simon notes re Herman Daley- one of Rees’s dominant influences) at core a moral-religious theory. I recently challenged Bill on a variety of points in his theory and despite his claim to be doing neutral science he is very much driven by a mythological set of core ideas. Alston Chase traces some of these in his book In A Dark Wood. The science and economics set forth by Simon expose the fallacies of ecological footprint analysis.

May 27, 2007

Just read your site and really I was sick to my stomach. I was raised in Bear Island being a descendent of John Hagerman. Our land which was on my mothers side was wiped out by the dam. Our house they considered too big to move. My mother fought hard to have her family graves moved . She did manage to get her sister's moved to Saint John. I could never take my children back to my old home as it was under water. It has caused me many of times of sadness. We lived on the river, bathe in it in the summer and skated on it in the winter. And watching the ice break up in the spring was a yearly event. The houseboats always docked for a few days by our place as the crews cleared the shores of pulp and many a days the cooks would invite us for lunch. And picking fiddleheads, the Indians actually took us up steam in their canoes to pick with them. My children never got to see the wonderful place I lead my carefree youth. And besides that my brother put my Eversharp pencil down a squirrel hole swearing it would come out the lower one, so all my life I figured I go back & get it. Hard to do under water. I am 67 now but will never forget those days. Went back once and did not see the great river it once was!! And King's Landing is a farce to the history of the communities that were there. That you for allowing me to spout off !!

Barbara Leger
March 11, 2005

On a trip to Saint John, NB via the Broad Road, approximately 2 years ago( I believe it was in June or July) I sighted a large yellow cat. It was just after exiting the divided highway past Camp Petersville on the Saint John side. I only caught sight of the animal running through the field along side of the road so most of what I saw was the back of the animal. It was yellow in colour with a fairly long tail and it was loping through the grass and finally exited into the woods. I was not immediately along side of the animal but kept gaining on the animal however it ran into the woods before I could get a good look at it. I pulled over to the side of the road but did not see the animal again. It certainly was not like any animal I ever saw before. I was born and brought up in that area so obviously was familiar with many wild animals but never saw anything like this before. The more I hear about the Eastern Cougar the more I am convinced that is what I saw. I was just listening to the CBC on a call in show and the Cougar issue was raised so thought I would share my story.

J Witiw 
January 2005 

Your article entitled Septic Secrets mentioned a product called Septic Seep. An expensive product yes, but unlike the endless variety of bacteria elixirs & 'snake oils'on the market today all claiming to be "the solution" to sluggish septic drain fields, this product has soil-science behind it. Calcium polysulfide (the solution within this product) is a liquid chemical solution that is a widely known "soil amendment" or soil treatment in the agricultural crop community (particularly U.S. where sodium build-up through irrigation can create nutrient & water intake problems for plants). Calcium in liquid form is apparently highly soluble, meaning it travels well through the soil, thereby carrying it's effect as it passes. Use of it (best applied directly to sub-surface septic field soils through drain-field access points) causes the release of the accumulated sodium that can otherwise in time rather effectively block or seal-off the natural porosity present in normal soil-structure.  The key advice I'd offer though for your readers before they purchase is to evaluate what their septic problems are rather specifically, in order to determine if in fact it is "sodium" accumulation that is the root problem. A number of causal agents can be responsible for septic field failure or sluggish fields including poor location (ie high water tables), poor construction practices, and soil-porosity blockage by excessive solids discharge to-field or extensive invasion by heavy root masses (ie trees/shelterbelts).  Some rather excellent scientific technical papers are published on drain-field construction and maintenance in clay soils by a Dr. Robert A. Patterson). (Highly recommended reading ...clay soils are a common worldwide soil type equally vulnerable to sodium accumulation) These articles may assist you to evaluate your septic field history in order to nail-down the cause of your particular problems. At the same time I'd also reconsider the type of water soft!
ening product you use (if you have a softener). While potassium-based products are more expensive than sodium based softeners, potassium is friendlier to soils, beneficial to plants and septic fields. Not all
of us have the ability to discharge softener re-charge or softened water to any other location except our septic fields. And consequently the accumulation over the years of 'sodium' can be rather extensive. And of
course anything you can do to lighten your household water useage is good practice as well. 

Roberge Luch
Mar. 19, 2003

I totally agree with you... it is my dream to work with a horse or
two in my woodlot
.... I'm 35 of age and am tired of the big guys running the big show... there should be more crown land given or lease to harvest all lumber that has to be harvested for the good of the forest.... I hope we can find a happy medium one day before everything is destroyed....thanks

Bruce Balisterri 
Feb. 4, 2003

Enjoyed your site. One of my students used info for a project. Did have to correct him though, about e-worms being asexual. He was titilated to learn that not only are e-worms NOT "asexual", ("without" sex), they are "bisexual", (two sexes, or both, in one worm)! He wanted to know how that worked! Needless to say, I assured him that worms were just a little bit different than humans. Thanks!

Joanne Roy
16 fev., 2003

Merci de bien vouloir nous ouvrir les yeux sur ces malheurs.
Existe-t-il des pétitions pour venir en aide aux baleines noires en autre.

Ken Gabel
Jan 28, 2003

I recently bought a house that has an Austroflamm Integra free standing pellet stove installed. I believe that the stove is about 8 or 9 years old. I have the bill of sale and instructions but no vendor name and I can't find anyone around (the house is in Windham, New York which is in Greene County in the Catskill Region of New York)) who services Austroflamm -- I believe they are out of business.

The stove is very clean and appears to be in good condition. It starts
up well and heats quickly and well; but after a few hours it dies down
and I have been unable to revive the fire efficiently. Usually it smokes
up before reviving but even after it revives it just dies down again
soon. I have worked around the problem by shutting the stove off,
cooling it down and relighting; but that is not a satisfactory solution.

What am I doing wrong? Do you know what is needed or how I can find
someone (preferably nearby) who can help me?

Response from NB Lung Association:
As part of the national Burn It Smart campaign there is a national toll-free line that people can call regarding anything to do with wood burning. The number is 1-866-838-5661. (The campaign runs until March 31, 2003, although the website will be remain up and running.)
The national campaign website at

Response from Rob Redding in CA:
Check the line from the combustion fan to the micro switch; it is old and has a crack in it.  When the stove warm up, so does the hose and air comes in and the pressure drops to the micro switch. The stove will shut down.  Good luck.

Charles Leblanc
Oct. 2002

Great story about the Irvings...I wrote 500 letters to the editor the last 10 years and suddenly the paper won't allow me to write letters against the Irvings...It's real bad in New Brunswick!!!!

Pascal Garnier
29 aout, 2002

Je trouve que c' est très intelligent celui qui a trouver cela car ca pourrait aider les gens qui n'ont pas les moyens de s'acheter des chaussures. Bonne continuation ! 

Julia T
Aug 21, 2002

I am interested in non toxic products and as per the article I have even noticed most products are offered from the USA. I would appreciate some further information on how to obtain non toxic label if the products are really non toxic.. I am inquring on becoming distributor for some of the companies, Of course I am not a chemist, but I do know non toxic isn't always the case, some ingredients used can still be harmful. You attention is appreciated. 


Chris Castle 
Lake Charles, LA USA
Aug. 20, 2002

Are there Leatherbacks in the Gulf of Mexico? I was offshore this past weekend and I saw what appeared to be a Leatherback sea turtle. It was the largest sea turtle I had seen in twenty-five years of fishing the Gulf of Mexico. I first thought it was a huge tractor tire floating as I passed it and upon further inspection I realized it was a giant sea turtle. I thought it was a tire at first because of the very defined longitudinal ridges which resembled tire treads. When I first passed him, his huge head was out the water. I circled back to get a better look and as I approached him, he dove. I estimate his shell was at least four feet wide and maybe six or more feet long. Was this a Leatherback I saw? Any information would be appreciated. Thanks for your time.

David Chamberlin
Feb. 12, 2002

I was wondering if you knew that there was a confirmed cougar sighting in the gatineau park (NCC),Quebec in 2000 I believe. Also, there have been many other sightings in this area, one in particular by a Dr. friend of mine who told me he saw a cougar cross in front of him on the A5 auto route,just north of Chelsea, same summer as the Gatineau Park sighting. Just thought you might like to know this.

January 15, 2002

I find it odd that Louis LaPierre is so interested in protected areas, yet builds his own house on a wetland. It seems everyone wants their piece of heaven, but if everyone takes it, there will be none left!

James Bond,
21 nov. 2001

Quelle niche occupe le saumon Atlantique?
Si le saumon atlantique disparaissait quel serait la repercusion sur.
 A d'autre organisme    B.humain

Response par Fred Whoriskey :

Quelle niche occupe le saumon atlantique?

En eau douce, les sections de rivière à écoulement rapide et peu profondes constituent la niche du saumon atlantique. Il s’y nourrit d’insectes et adopte un comportement territorial. En milieu marin, il se tient le plus souvent à moins de 10 mètres de la surface, mais s’enfonce occasionnellement pour attraper des poissons ou des crustacés tels que les crevettes.

Si le saumon atlantique disparaissait, quelles seraient les répercussions sur d’autres organismes et sur l’homme?
Advenant la disparition du saumon, sa niche vacante serait-elle occupée et par qui? Il n’existe pas de réponse définitive à cette question. Peu d’ espèces sont adaptées à la vie dans les zones de rapides. En ce qui concerne l’impact sur l’homme, les 200 millions de dollars que rapporte la pêche sportive et les emplois créés par cette industrie seraient perdus. Il faudrait dire adieu à la salmoniculture qui vaut bien un milliard de dollars à l’échelle mondiale. Adieu également à la chair si prisée et si délicate du saumon…

Bärbel Rogoschik
Nov. 12, 2001

With great interest I`ve read your paper about "Untold Seabird Mortality due to Marine Oil Pollution". 
At the moment we have great discussions in Germany about the pros and counts of the management of oil-contaminated birds. For the exchange of arguments with representatives of our government, nature organizations etc. we have this year in December a meeting to work out the problems and find out what to do if we have such a problem f.e. in our wadden sea.  What are your experiences with the success of the survival rate with the cleaned birds and mammals? How many survived the first week, month, year after release? Do you marked the animals by steelband or transmitter?  If you have any information for us it would be very helpful for our discussion!!  I, myself worked as a biologist at a rehabilitation center, support from the NABU (Naturschutzbund Deutschland) the biggest nature organization in our country.

I am not the best one to answer your question as I am not directly
involved in monitoring and research of oiled seabirds here. I have
copied this reply to others who are and who, if you are not already
aware of them, would be good people for you to contact and who may be interested in your December workshop.   They are:

Francis Wiese
Phd student at Memorial University doing drift block experiements to examine question of how many birds oiled at sea would likely show up in beached bird surveys for oiled birds.

Pierre Ryan
Seabird researcher with the Canadian Wildlife Service here in
Newfoundland; Pierre conducts surveys for oiled birds on the
Newfoundland coast.   Email: 

Terry Harvey, Canadian Coast Gaurd person in charge of a project called Prevention of Oiled Wildlife
Email: HarveyT@DFO-MPO.GC.C 

Bill Montevecchi, Professor at Memorial University here in Newfoundland with a long history of seabird research and involvement in activities aimed at preventing the oiling of birds at sea.  Email: 

Ian Jones, also at Memorial University; holds a wildlife ecology research chair known by the acronym ACWERN <> and is involved in seabird research.

Good luck with your efforts, Janet Russell

Linda Domings
Nov. 8, 2001 

I have been looking everywhere to purchase "the Best Dulse" from Grand Manann. My mother used to make us stop each summer on our way to pei so she could get her little brown bag of fresh dulse. Can you tell me where I can purchase it? I would appreciate any help.

If you go to the Grand Manan website - <> and visit the stores/shopping page, all the contact information for the dulse operators on the island are included. They will ship dulse anywhere. We also have a dulse page which has a link to the contact information. If you have problem finding the information let me know.  Laurie Murison

Charles Latour
Sept. 24, 2001

Thank you for your interesting article about bats. I would like to know more about the bat's flight. It seems to be helicoidal and counter- clockwise. Could it be related to the echo-location they use, but how ?

4 août, 2001

Peut-on acheter du samphire à Paris (pour faire recette vue à la BBC)?  Merci bien.

Response: au bientôt

8 août, 2001

Je me demandais où plus précisément le chasseur avait apercu
le couguar en octobre 2000? merci d'avance pour le temps que vous consacrerez à me répondre.

Response: The cougar that was reported by the hunter in October 2000 was seen just off route 785 in Charlotte County (approx. 3 km south, beyond the Mount Pleasant (mines) Rd.).
Cade Libby

M. A. Bergeron
Joliette (Québec)
12 juillet, 2001

J’ai lu avec intérêt votre site sur l’énergie et croyez moi ce n’est pas avec de la fumée local que nous sauverons la planète dans tous les cas l’espèce humaine qui étouffe de plus de jour en jour par un amas de matières particulaires en autre venant de la combustion du bois. Prière consultez les sites de Santé Canada ou Environnement Canada sur les particules fines ou les furanne et dioxine. Les maladies respiratoires sont un fléau malheureusement qui augmente de jour en jour.

9 heures de chauffage au bois avec un poêle conventionnel rejette en particules fines l'équivalant = une années d'une automobile ayant parcouru 20 000 kilomètre.  2.5 jours de chauffage au bois avec un poêle EPA = un an automobile ayant parcouru 20 000 kilomètre.Toute fumée même réduite est une source de problème pour les gens vulnérables. Les matières particulaires appelées particules fines sont toxiques.

Tom Heels
Portland, ME
May 2001

We will be visiting Canada twice this summer, and would like to know how, or if, we can get to visit St. Croix Island?

May we suggest that you contact the author directly as they will be able to answer any questions that you may have. Contact:
Lee Sochasky: St. Croix International Waterway Commission  or email: 
Phone: (506) 467-9905 or visit their website at: 
They are located in St. Stephen NB

Mark Wilkes
Nova Scotia
May 2001

On your site, the article on entitled Septic Secrets mentioned
a product called Septic Seep. I found it on a few American sites but not in any Canadian sites or stores. Your description of what the product is designed for suites my situation. Can you please inform me as to where I can purchase this product in Nova Scotia or Canada. Thank you for any assistance. 

Author of "Septic Secrets" replies:  Septic Seep is not available in stores in either the US or Canada. However it can certainly be ordered from our website or any other online store that carries it.

British Columbia
Dec. 4, 2000

Re: the article by Janet Russell re seabirds oiled by polluting ships and/or the oil industry:
I saw Canada's Environment Minister Anderson on television stating that Canadians don't much care about this issue, shortly before the federal election Nov. 27, 2000.  I wrote to Mr. Anderson saying that I thought he was wrong, Canadians do care, and in particular, I cared. I asked that if he won his election (which he did), would he please provide the necessary funds to do whatever it takes to stop this.  
To date I have not had even an acknowledgement from Minister Anderson or his office. I cc'd the Prime Minister's office, and no acknowledgement from there either.
I don't know that anything will be done unless the public shows some measurable outrage.  It would be nice if there were some links to either government personnel and/or oil industry companies that persons could bombard with requests that this problem be addressed.  As much publicity as possible would be a good start too.  Thank-you for the article.

John Ambrose
Guelph, ON
Nov 14, 2000

Re: J.Arnold's Climate Change: Different Realities North & South.
I'm interested to see your program, and I hope the next government will be more responsive to the concerns it addresses, as the Kyoto agreement goes mostly forgotten. 
More immediately, I notice that you mention Arbofilia in Costa Rica.  I met Francisco Soto in a visit to Costa Rica about 10 years ago and saw the amazing community forest restoration work he was facilitating, so I'm pleased to see that the organization is still active.  I plan to visit the country [for a Spanish course] in December and  I would like to see what Arbofilia is doing.  If you have an e-mail address or other means to contact them, it would be much appreciated.  Many thanks.

Marc-André Villeneuve
8 nov. 2000

Je suis plutôt content que les gens soient conscients de notre trop grande dépendance envers les combustibles fossiles. Au rythme où nous les consommons, de toute manière, il n'en restera plus d'ici quarante ans. Alors autant apprendre à les économiser et à trouver tout de suite des énergies renouvelables de remplacement. Ce sont les compagnies pétrolières et les pays producteurs qui moussent actuellement cette forme d'énergie à tout le moins versatile. Mais nous polluons notre planète et nous contribuons au réchauffement climatique, sans compter toute la surconsommation que les engins mus par le pétrole engendrent et le gaspillage et les débris après usage qu'elle produit...Bref, je suis plutôt très content que des gens manifestent pour trouver d'autres avenues énergétiques. Et je dis continuons...

sai ram  and 
ken f w
July 29, 2000

Re: article by Leland Daugherty, Fall Brooks Centre 
Thanks for a delightfully simple yet thought provoking article about basic organic home gardening.  An essential item for the third / developing nations coexisting / struggling in not too friendly climatic conditions.  May I add that a visit to Lee Valley Stores or perusal of their catalogues personifies pride of small family businesses striving for excellence and service.

Donald Boucher,
Trois Rivières Ouest
24 juillet, 2000

C'est avec plaisir que je viens tout juste de lire votre documentaire
sur le Stillwater. Ayant oeuvré dans la région St-Quentin-Kedgwick dans les années l972 - l975 (responsable du poste de la GRC) il fait
toujours chaud au coeur de voir des découvertes ou des commentaires qui enrichissent une région et un peuple.......... très...très intéressant......

Beth McLaughlin
Moncton, NB
March 8, 2000

Just read lots of the articles in Elements and have passed on the address to several people... looking good!

Rob Ferguson
Parks Canada
Halifax, NS
Dec 2, 1999

I would like to get information for ordering the CD-Rom "Exploring an Ancient North American Civilization (Mic Mac) Vol.1" featuring Gilbert Sewell.   I had a glowing review of the Cd from Pam Ward-Levi at Red Bank.

In response Elements replied
:   This CD was produced by "" email them at:  or write to them at:  Digital 2000 Communications Inc., PO Box 132, Bathurst, NB CA E2A 3Z1

Bill Hine
Nov 30, 1999

Baby Barnacle talked! And I really enjoyed it. A very informative tale. I know good stuff when I hear it. Your website is very high quality and I hope you get many hits. Thanks!

Jeff Daniels
Nov 1, 1999

In response to : Micro Hydro Power in the Nineties
I have very much enjoyed your informative page. In one of the pictures  you show a plastic impulse runner held in the hand between the thumb and  forefinger. Is this runner available commercially?
Most of the hydro catalogs that I have seen have inflated there prices out of the reach of experimenters like myself. My most successful home built runner to date was constructed from a pineapple can and P.V.C. pipe.  Cost almost nothing.

Elements responded: You can contact Mr. Cunningham directly if you are interested in asking him if he sells his "impulse runner". His phone is 1-506-433-5711 or email  or why not visit his site at: 

10 juin, 1999

Bonjour,  Je viens tout juste de terminer la lecture du documentaire de Mathieu Dumond sur les coyotes et j'ai bien apprécié, je suis très rassuré d'apprendre que les coyotes n'attaquent que rarement les humains, mais j'aimerais tout de même savoir quelle attitude adopter si l'on se retrouve face à un ou plusieurs coyotes. J'habite la région de Lanaudière, tout près de la forêt, et dernièrement nous avons entendus des hurlements et jappements quelques nuits consécutives, les bêtes semblaient vraiment tout près. Je ne veux pas empêcher mes enfants d'aller au bois si le danger n'est pas réel mais je voudrais leur indiquer quoi faire pour éviter d'attirer les coyotes et comment réagir s'ils en rencontrent un.  Gros Merci pour les précieuses informations!

Kitty Wertz
May 11, 1999

Can this cause hypersensitivity reaction after putting on floor and
two days later sleeping there. Do you have info on floor management with linseed oil???

In response to : Non-Toxic? Better think again!  by Henry Reinartz

Ken Corbett
New Brunswick
March 18, 1999

Mark Connell's excellent piece neglected to mention the dams on all the headwater streams of the Tobique at lakes Sisson, Long, Trousers, and Serpentine. These are also part of their heritage of destruction. They shut these dams up tight and leave only a trickle of seep water to run when they are storing head for the turbines at Tobique Narrows. I've seen the right hand branch of the Tobique so dry in an otherwise wet spring that I can jump across it below the dam at Trousers Lake.

Marla MacLeod
Jan 19, 1999

Thank you very much for information on the Irving Whale. I really
appreciate you helping me out. Between the information you sent and things I found on various web sites and the library, I managed to get a good idea of the disaster.
Thanks again.    Marla :)

L. Lord,
Dalhousie NB,
June 23, 1998

I just surfed on into your site, we in Dalhousie are concerned with the quality of air.  I see on your site it mentions Belldune, but our concern is with the Dalhousie thermal station in the process of burning orimulsion which is very bad for our health and environment.

Betty McAllister,
Cassilis, New Brunswick,
April 4, 1998

I just reviewed the story "Worms in your kitchen" . Eddy Park deserves a lot of credit for worm composting, considering he was very misled by the Environment Dept. I would like to know the person’s name in that department that knows so much about vermi-composting. I am disgusted with the false information that was mentioned in this article. Just to mention two of the main issues that upsets me is that Red wrigglers are native to New Brunswick and you do not have to get red wrigglers from Ontario! I know, because I raise red wrigglers and have been for two years now. I have been promoting worm composting for about 1 1/2 years and I have been in touch with the Environment Dept., Falls Brook Centre, etc. (just to mention both people involved in the article) I guess the conversations that I had with both parties was a waste of time. Its great to see provincial support and team work. If for any reason you would like to contact me, this is my phone (506)836-7320, fax (506)836-2987, my address is 1090 Route 420 Hwy., Cassilis, N.B., E9E 2B3. Email:

Stephane &
Jill Poziomka,
April 1, 1998

It is nice to see a well organized and frequently updated publication regarding the delicate ecosystems of the Fundy shore. It is long overdue and greatly appreciated. I hope you remain involved with current issues, and use Elements to publicise concerns regarding the area. Since I have left Saint John, little or no information of this type has previously been available online.

Karen Townsend,
Alma, NB
March 30, 1998

Hi!  I just flipped through "Elements" and read almost everything--very easy to stay interested. (Good work!) It looks attractive.  I only went to one ecoregion because it was too long to wait for photos to load--Nice to have quite a few photos once it did come on screen.  Had fun making snowflakes. Medium--cool--hexagonal stellar crystal is BEAUTIFUL! I wanted just a bit of info on conditions that affect their formation in the introduction so that it was possible to deduce what would form under what conditions. As it is, it was purely guesswork and I didn't necessarily learn to connect conditions with resulting formation.  Eddy's article (worms) was lively and fun--could have used a bit of tidying up on the writing.
Liked the bulletted points in Protected Areas article--both the bullet layout and having that thorough list of points itself.
I'll look forward to future issues!

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